Defining Creditors: A Comprehensive Guide

  • Published on: 25 Apr 2024
Defining Creditors: A Comprehensive Guide

Before you understand, know that creditors are key in any economy. Now, let’s define them and their way of working. They offer funds that you can use to:

  • Start or grow a business
  • Pay for education
  • Buy a home or a vehicle
  • Purchase daily essentials or finance medical emergencies 

The role of a creditor is to offer credit, and the role of a debtor is to repay it on time. 

Who is a Creditor?

This entity may be:

  • An individual 
  • A financial company 
  • A business 

Creditors charge interest on the money that you borrow. They do this as per the agreement. Here’s the broad classification:

  • Real Creditors are banks and other financial institutions. They use an approval process to judge your eligibility for financial products.
  • Personal creditors are individuals, like friends and family. They offer you the funds you need.

How creditors work & How this system of lending works:

  • When creditors offer loans, they assess the risk of a loan not being repaid 
  • They charge an interest to offset this risk and earn a profit. The interest is based on your credit and their policies.
  • The higher the risk of default, the higher will be the interest rates charged by the creditor
  • For instance, if you borrow ₹10,000 at an interest rate of 10%, you will have to repay ₹11,000. This ₹1,000 margin is the profit that a creditor earns by extending a loan.

Types of Creditors

Not all creditors work in the same way or have the same policies. By knowing examples of various creditors and their types, you can choose one wisely.

  • Secured Creditors

These lenders offer funds based on security. Security is usually an asset that you own and that acts as a guarantee. When you repay the loan in full, you regain ownership of the asset. However, if you cannot repay on time, the lender can seize this asset and sell it to recoup the dues. 

You pledge an asset against the sum you borrow. Secured creditors often charge low-interest rates and offer better loan terms. Here are some examples of a secured loan you can get:

  • Mortgage Loan (where your home acts as collateral)
  • Car Loan (where the lender extends a loan based on the car’s value)
  • These are Secured Credit Cards. You provide deposits as security against the credit limit.
  • Unsecured Creditors

These lenders allow you to avail of funds without any asset as security. They solely rely on your creditworthiness and your promise to repay the loan. They have stricter eligibility requirements. They may charge a higher interest rate to offset their risk. 

When compared to secured creditors, these lenders may provide more flexible repayment options. Examples of unsecured credit include the following:

  • Trade Creditors

These entities are generally businesses and suppliers that extend credit to other businesses. These companies allow you to buy goods and services now and pay for them later. Here’s a brief overview of these creditors:

  • It is a short-term financing solution. It ensures businesses can keep running without paying upfront. It does not burden their cash flow.
  • It is common in business. It plays a crucial role in keeping supply chains uninterrupted.
  • They can use their good credit to negotiate with these creditors.
  • Preferential Creditors

They are a specific type of lenders. They have priority claims on your assets if you go bankrupt or insolvent. If you fail to repay the sum, they will be repaid first. This is before unsecured creditors. 

The law of the land usually defines the types of creditors with preferential status. The examples of the lenders include the following entities:

  • Employees with unpaid wages
  • Tax authorities
  • Economic development institutions, such as the World Bank

Now you know more about credit-offering institutions. You can better navigate the world of loans. Here are the factors to keep in mind when selecting any type of credit:

  • Eligibility terms 
  • Interest rate and other charges
  • Repayment timeline 
  • Flexibility of part-payments and foreclosures 
  • Transparency of all processes 
  • Customer service 
  • Application process and approval timelines 

Get fast and cheap financing at your fingertips. Choose Fibe’s Instant Cash Loan. Download our Personal Loan App or log in to our website to get up to ₹5 lakhs without a hassle.

FAQs on Creditors

What is an example of a creditor?

Banks, NBFCs or even a person who offers you funds as a loan come under the bracket of a creditor.

What do you mean by a creditor?

Creditors are the individuals or entities that lend money. They typically charge interest on the borrowed sum.


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